Overcoming Hurdles in Understanding Consciousness

This post contains a list of hurdles in understanding consciousness and explains a way to overcome them.

Consciousness is one of the biggest mysteries of the mankind. For thousands of years, numerous studies and debates have been unable to explain what it is and how it works. 

As it is interconnected with several mind and brain phenomena, consciousness cannot be studied on a standalone basis. To understand it, one needs to understand how the entire brain works as a system. As none of the current sciences study the brain as one system, most scientific explanations of consciousness are not based on causation (i.e. cause-and-effect understanding), but are based on …more

How Does Meditation Work?

How does meditation make the brain powerful? Why does the mind wander? What does one do while meditating? What is the difference between various meditation techniques?


Updated version. Originally posted on October 22, 2019

Additional to the current science, those who practice, market and train meditation to others have a lot of empirical data on meditation, but do not have a single hypothesis on how it makes the brain powerful.

There are various meditation techniques, but there is only one mechanism that drives them all. Following is the first ever causal explanation of how this millenniums old phenomenon works, which is based on the process of natural selection:

No matter how they are projected, all types of meditation techniques work on a single principle: By restraining the thought process in one way or the other, which triggers the process of homeostasis, resulting into the brain becoming powerful, as explained in detail below.

Because of its engagement with ever changing environments & conditions coupled with unreliability of perceptions, the human brain is …more

How does meditation work

Superiority Bias

As per Wikipedia, superiority bias is when people think too much of themselves by overrating their positive qualities and abilities without good reasons.

lang and memory

Following is the first ever explanation of its purpose and how such inter-generation mechanism works based on the process of natural selection. 

Superiority Bias is an instinct that is hard-wired in the brains of every human being in varying degrees to have the opinion that whatever he/she does and possesses is of a superior nature than others, without any connection to the reality. …more

Superiority bias

Language and Memory

Current science views language only as a communication tool. In this post, I reveal for the first time that communication is not the only function of language by revealing its primary function. I also reveal for the first time why animals live only in the present moment.

lang and memory

We use language to communicate with others. By communicating, we can exchange our knowledge and views with others. Based on the adage “knowledge multiplies when shared”, when knowledge is shared among people, they can test, build, expand, refine, etc. on it, thereby optimizing and multiplying it, which is further tested, built, expanded, refined, etc. upon sharing with others again, thereby further optimizing …more

Mechanisms of the Mind

In the book ‘Mechanisms of the Mind’, I have explained more than fifty mechanisms of the human mind on a single platform. It is the most comprehensive account of the human mind ever.

In this first-of-its-kind book, I have explained more than fifty mechanisms that make up the human mind using only five components, simplifying the understanding of the human mind to a level that can be understood by anyone who is prepared to make the effort. No prior knowledge of any subject is required to understand it. Such simplification is made possible by the first ever use of “system thinking” approach to understand how mind emerges from the brain.

Upon finishing the book, you will be familiar with the following …more

Why some people shake legs or bite nails repetitively?

Why do people shake legs, bite nails or generally fidget around when engaged in deep thoughts? Is it a negative feature connected to stress, tension, boredom, etc., as the current science portrays? While explaining the same, I also explain the core factor in the habits of smoking/chewing tobacco, chewing gum, eating popcorn while watching movies, etc.

Degree of Attention

Because of systematic storage and linking of information in the brain1, modifying the degree of attention by evaluating how significant each ongoing interaction is and proportionately allotting and utilizing the allotted amount of resources (as explained in the previous post Degree of Attention) takes very little time and thus, is not a problem in most of your daily interactions.

It is only when you are in the process of thinking continuously, may it be deliberating between multiple decisions or watching a movie, which are of dynamic nature and typically involve one or multiple chains …more

Why do some people shake legs

Please Pay Attention…

What happens when you pay attention? Why do you pay more attention to what is significant to you? What benefit does the mechanism offering variable degree of attention provide?

Degree of Attention

Design of the human brain has evolved over thousands of generations by the process of natural selection in a gradual manner1. It is not developed on a preconceived plan or a blue-print.

Such development has enabled it to transit from running on lower amount of resources for processing information in earlier generations to higher amount of resources in succeeding generations, an ability it …more

Why do some people shake legs

Free Will Decision Making

The first ever explanation of the mechanism that offers intelligence to the mankind – a mechanism which generates its own decisions.

This post is about a simple question: How can a mechanism generate “its own” decisions? How can “it” be held responsible for the decisions it makes?

Other than information processing systems like computers, control systems, robots, etc., there is nothing in the world that is capable of making decisions. However, such decisions do not originate from their systems – they are all pre-programmed by humans. Even in the realm of artificial intelligence, the basic programming is done by humans. …more

Why do you sleep? Why do you dream?

Even when they occupy one third of your lifetime, sleep and dreams are among the biggest mysteries of the mankind. This post contains the first ever fully causal explanation of why you sleep and why you dream.

Other than physiological reasons and observations that sleep helps in memory consolidation, science is not clear about the core purpose of why we sleep and dream. The current research is full of information on frequencies, wavelengths, oxygen levels, heart rate and stages like non-REM and REM sleep and how they cycle in the brain, but …more