Mechanisms of the Mind

In the book ‘Mechanisms of the Mind’, I have explained more than fifty mechanisms of the human mind on a single platform. It is the most comprehensive account of the human mind ever.

In this first-of-its-kind book, I have explained more than fifty mechanisms that make up the human mind using only five components, simplifying the understanding of the human mind to a level that can be understood by anyone who is prepared to make the effort. No prior knowledge of any subject is required to understand it. Such simplification is made possible by the first ever use of “system thinking” approach to understand how mind emerges from the brain.

Upon finishing the book, you will be familiar with the following topics, which are explained in a step-by-step manner:

  • What is mind? Page 13 
    • Why do you have it? Page 67 
    • How does it develop? Page 110
  • What are thoughts? Page 36 
    • How do they get converted into language? Page 42
  • What makes you capable of making your own decisions? Page 135
  • How do you understand other people’s minds? Page 115
  • How do you interact with the world? Page 27
  • Why do you think in language? Page 56
  • Why only parts of your thoughts are processed in language? Page 56
  • How do you select thoughts to be communicated to others? Page 59
  • What is the basis of the inner voice you hear while thinking? Page 55
  • What are different kinds of thought processes & how do they work? Page 36
  • What is the reason behind chain of thoughts in a thought process?  Page 56
  • How do you set your goal by judging and finalizing best decision for execution? Page 58 
    • How are they executed? Page 59
  • How do you gain sufficient information to make decisions? Page 54
  • What is the role of personality, skills, knowledge, genetic predispositions, habits, etc. in making decisions? Page 54
  • What is Intelligence? Page 65
  • What is consciousness? Page 209 
    • What is its nature? Page 212
  • How, Page 67 
    • why, Page 211 
    • when Page 69 and 
    • where in the brain does consciousness emerge? Page 211
  • What are different types of conscious processes Page 84 and 
    • how do they work together? Page 85
  • When do you become conscious of the experience you are having? Page 51
  • How do subconscious and unconscious processes work? Page 50
  • How subconscious and unconscious thoughts influence your decisions? Page 47
  • What is the degree of control you have over conscious, subconscious and unconscious interactions? Page 50
  • How is consciousness connected to sensations, perception, thoughts, awareness, attention, pain, etc.? Page 70
  • What is the basis of your initial reflexes, intuitions, habitual behaviours, phobias, etc.? Page 50
  • What is the basis of intuition, gut feelings, eureka moments, etc. that occur during your thought process? Page 57
  • How do you become aware of Page 51 and 
    • evaluate various aspects of the experience you are having? Page 52
  • What is perception? Page 77
  • Why are perceptions not always reliable? Page 8
  • What is awareness? Page 90
  • What is the difference between awareness and consciousness? Page 228
  • What is attention? Page 76
    • How does it work? Page 76
  • Why is attention limited to one task at a time? Page 134
  • How is it possible for you to be aware of many things when you can pay attention to only one thing at a time? Page 53
  • How do you handle multiple tasks simultaneously? Page 134
  • How do you empathize? Page 115
    • What is the mechanism behind it? Page 115
  • What is ‘self’? Page 29
  • How can the self be responsible for its actions? Page 29
  • Where is the self located? Page 29
  • How can something that does not weigh anything, is not visible and has no physical dimensions control your actions, behaviour, personality, etc.? Page 29
  • How do you consider people involved with you to make your decisions more effective? Page 57
  • How do you process your day-to-day experiences? Page 28
  • How do you perform physical actions? Page 116
  • Why do humans engage in sports and games? Page 65
  • Why does the brain have two hemispheres? Page 182
  • How does the mechanism of pain work? Page 79
  • How does the mechanism of hunger work? Page 101
  • How do newborns get their instincts? Page 110
  • How do growing children learn logic and reasoning? Page 110
  • How do growing children learn from others? Page 113
  • How and why are male and female brains different? Page 127
  • What is the basis of your personality? Page 122
  • What is the reason behind a person’s feeling of being (or wanting to become) superior to others? Page 101
  • What is the evolutionary reason behind the institution of marriage? Page 128
  • Why is the system of monogamous marriage followed by a majority of population? Page 129
  • Why has the evolutionary process awarded pregnancy to the female gender? Page 129
  • Why a majority of population is right handed? Page 31
  • How do you recognize faces? Page 38
  • What is the basis of non-verbal communication like gestures, facial expressions, etc.? Page 59
  • How does the brain process different sensations simultaneously? Page 71
  • Why some of your interactions are executed automatically? Page 50
  • What are various types of inter-generation mechanisms of the mind and how do they work? Page 94
  • How and why do different characteristics of the mind pass on to following generations? Page 94
  • What offers ever increasing intelligence to the mankind? Page 94
  • What are the inter-generation mechanisms behind epigenetic phenomena? Page 97
  • What is the basis of mirror neuron system? Page 117
  • What is the basis of the phenomenon of Classical (Pavlovian) Conditioning? Page 119
  • How physical processes in the brain give rise to subjective experiences (a.k.a. the hard problem of consciousness)? Page 212
  • Why are subjective experiences limited to the self? Page 215
  • What is the physical basis of ‘qualia’? Page 214
  • How can minds have ‘Intentional States’? Page 145
  • What is the mechanism underlying phobia? Page 98
  • And many more…

Never before have so many diverse mind-related topics explained on a single platform using the same set of components. It is your first chance to comprehensively understand how your mind works – a new way to introspect.

Important: The human brain is a highly integrated system which is made up with interdependent functional components. For the same reason, to understand a phenomenon/concept, you may need to understand its interdependent phenomena/concepts. E.g. to understand consciousness, it is important for you to understand mechanisms underlying its interdependent phenomena like awareness, attention, sensations, perceptions, etc., without which, you will not be able to understand what consciousness is. Any explanations made without such knowledge are merely conjectures. Even when backed by scientific research.

Putting it differently, it does not make sense to understand phenomena like thinking, sensations, perception, awareness, pain, multitasking, intuition, etc. independently on their own. You need to study the brain at the system level. 

This book offers the first ever explanation of the mechanisms running in the brain at system level, which is based on Dichotomized Operating System model, a model of human mind developed using the “systems thinking” approach.

Based on the above, you may need to refer to topics on pages other than the page numbers given above to understand them better.

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